11.07.2010

America's Dogs: Nipper

Nipper, 1884-1895

Like all of the famous "pit bulls" through history, there are more lies than truth around this famous icon. The pit bull apologia often lists Nipper as an american pit bull terrier and occassionally he is listed as owned by Thomas Edison.

Nipper, the famous advertising icon, was born in 1884 in Bristol, England. Thomas Edison on the other hand, was american. The famous painting of Nipper and his trademarked image were not even owned by Edison, in fact, they were owned by Edison's competitor Emile Berliner. Nipper would become the RCA symbol 34 years after his death when RCA and Victor merged in 1929.

Nipper was a fox terrier/bull terrier mix. According to historians, the children of Mark Barraud named the pup Nipper because he nipped at the legs and heels of visitors. Nipper was described as a "great hunting dog and a strong adversary who'd think nothing about taking on a dog twice his size. In fact, it was difficult to get the hound to release his hold if he ever sank his teeth into you." Nipper's master, Mark Barraud died in 1887 and Nipper went to live with Mark's younger brother Francis Barraud, a painter.


Barraud's brother Phillip was a professional photographer and took a photo of Nipper posing with his head titled, most likely the one above. Three years after Nipper's death, Francis was inspired by his brother's photo and created this famous painting in 1898.

Barraud painted Nipper listening to an Edison phonograph. He tried to sell the painting to Edison-Bell but was turned away. Barraud was told, "Dogs don't listen to phonographs". Barraud then went to Edison's competitor, the Berliner Gramophone Company. Barraud painted over the Edison machine and sold the painting for £100, the equivalent of $485 US and £50 ($240 US) more for the copyright in 1899.


Francis Barraud

Nipper lived his entire life in England and died at the age of 11 in 1895. He was buried under a Mulberry tree in southwest London.




famous pit bull owners: the thomas alva edison edition

Pit Bulls: True Lies? An article from the book, American Pit Bull Terrier by Amy Shojai



a screen shot of a page from Paul 107's book of pit bull "facts".

4 comments:

enite said...

Good to finally know the truth. Thanks for researching this.

Sputnik2009 said...

Even if 'Nipper' was a so-called pit bull, which the photo and painting don't suggest, and apparently he wans't tested in the mining pits, you have to admit he looks nothing like the killers that were later bred by the KKK in the US -- and which now pollute our communities everywhere.

I will bet my house that Nipper was a simple terrier / terrier mix. Not in any way a fighting dog.

cravendesires said...

i think he could be mixed with english bull terrier. take a look at this early photo.

http://molosserdogs.com/e107_plugins/content/content.php?content.861

cravendesires said...

here's another link with early bull terrier photos and paintings. they weren't quite so deformed.

http://www.pitbull-chat.com/showthread.php?t=7203